EDUCATION IN RUSSIA
HIGHER STUDIES IN RUSSIA | ADMISSION OPEN 2019
Education in Russia:
It is provided predominantly by the state and is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Science. Regional authorities regulate education within their jurisdictions within the prevailing framework of federal laws. In 2004 state spending on education amounted to 3.6% of GDP or 13% of the consolidated state budget. In 2011, the spending on education amounted to $20 billion. Private institutions account for 1% of pre-school enrollment, 0.5% of elementary school enrollment and 17% of university-level students.
Before 1990 the course of school training in the Soviet Union was 10-years, but at the end of 1990, the 11-year course had been officially entered. Education in state-owned secondary schools is free; first tertiary (university level) education is free with reservations: a substantial number of students are enrolled for full pay. Male and female students have equal shares in all stages of education, except tertiary education where women lead with 57%.
The literacy rate in Russia, according to the 2002 census, is 99.4% (99.7% men, 99.2% women). According to a 2008 World Bank statistic, 54% of the Russian labor force has attained a tertiary (college) education, giving Russia the highest attainment of college-level education in the world. 47.7% have completed secondary education (9 or 10 years old); 26.5% have completed middle school (8 or 9 years old) and 8.1% have an elementary education (5 years old). The highest rates of tertiary education, 24.7% are recorded among women aged 35-39 years (compared to 19.5% for men of the same age bracket).
In 2014, the Pearson/Economist Intelligence Unit rated Russian education as 8th best in Europe and 13th best in the world.
Russian is the official language of the Russian Federation and shares official status in almost 20 countries. It is the first language of approximately 145 million speakers and it is estimated that a further 110 million people speak Russian as a second language, making it the eighth-most widely spoken language in the world. A student can study in Russian or in English in Russia, both are available for foreign students.
Most of the international students are attracted by Russian universities because of several reasons, among which are:
- Simple application and admission process,
- A possibility of studying in English, Russian or French,
- Low tuition fees and living cost,
- Multicultural environment enriching and expanding student life and sense of life,
- Good quality of education.
Most popular medical courses among international students in Russia are:
- Medicine: duration of the medical course is 6 years; degree awarded is the doctor of medicine (MD or MBBS);
- Dental: duration of the dental course is 5 years; degree awarded is the bachelor of dentistry (BDS);
- Pediatrics: duration of the course is 6 years; degree awarded is the doctor of medicine (pediatrician);
- Nursing: duration of the course is 2 years; degree awarded is a bachelor of nursing.
- Dental orthopedic: duration of the course is 2 years; degree awarded is a bachelor of dental orthopedic;
- Postgraduate studies: duration of the study is 2-3 years.
- Russian Language Course: 6-12 months.